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Important River of India - GK Notes

Important River of India - GK Notes

Rivers in India - Complete GK Notes

Some Exclusive points:
  1. The Bhakra Nangal Multipurpose project is a joint venture of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan only.
  2. The sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from North to South is: Damodor, Subarnarekha, Brambhoni, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Palar, Cauvery and Vaigai.
  3. Wular lake of Kashmir is a lake formed by terminal moraine dam.
  4. Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra are the following rivers excited before uplift of the Himalaya.
  5. The following lakes Lunar Lake, Tobe Lake, Keloed Lake formed by volcanic activities.
  6. Ganga Delta is an example of – Acruate Delta.
  7. The area of Ganga Plain is – 357000sq.km.
  8. Peninsular rivers flowing in Arabian Sea (East – West) has no delta due to hard rocks and lack of distributaries.
  9. Natravati Rivers originates from Western Ghat.
  10. The boundary between Nepal and Kumaon in formed by – The Kali river.
  11. Fulhar Lake situated in Uttar Pradesh.
  12. The Tapi is known as – “The twin” of the Narmada.
  13. Pong dam is known as – Maharana Pratap Sagar.
  14. Hoggenaka Waterfall- Kaveri River as soon as it enters Tamil Nadu.
  15. There are four type of River depend on Drainage system:
  16. Consequent River: Follows according the general direction of slope. Example: Most of the river of Peninsular India, like- Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri etc.
  17. Subsequent River: A tributary system that is eroded along an underlying belt of non-resistant rock after the main drainage pattern. Example: Chambal, Ken, Betwa, Son.
  18. Antecedent River: That excited before the upheaval of the Himalayas and cut their courses southward by making gorges in the mountains. Example: Tista, Brahmaputra, Indus, Satluj etc.
  19. Superimposed River: Formed when a stream with course originally established on a cover of rock now removed. So that the stream is independent of the main exposed rock. Example: Damodor, Subarnarekha, Chambal, Betwa etc.
  20. Famous Indian Beaches:
  • Gopinath Beach- Gujarat
  • Lawsons Bay Beach – Andhra Pradesh
  • Devbagh Beach – Karnataka
  • Sinquerim Beach – Goa.

The Major Himalayan River system:

The Indus River system:

Indus river entre to India near Ladhakh. Length of this river is 2882 km and in India 709 km of its total length. Indus River originates from Tibet in northern slope of Mount Kailash and flows through Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and then entre in Pakistan and ends in Arabian Sea. It’s called ‘Puranik River’. It has tributaries Sutlej, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, and Bipasha.

The Ganga River system:

Ganga is the longest river (2525 km) in India originates from Gangotri glacier in Uttrakhand. Its flow through Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Bihar, West Bengal in India and ends in Bay of Bengal. It has tributaries like Left side- Gomati, Ghaghara, Gandak, Kosi and in Left side- Yamuna, Son.

The Yamuna River System:

The longest tributary in India (1376 km) originates from Yamunotri in Garhwall. Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh are the following benefited area by Yamuna. It has some tributaries like: Chambal, Betwa, Ken, and Sind.

The Brahmaputra River system:

It has highest water carrying capacity in India, originates from Chemayungdung (Tibet). Lengths of this river near about 2992 km (916 in India). It flows through Arunachal Pradesh, Assam in India and at last ends in Bay of Bengal. The tributaries are Lohit, Dihong, and Kaenula.

The Peninsular River System in India

Originates from
Ends in
Special points
The Rivers flows from West to East
Brahmagiri hills in Koguda, Karnataka
Bay of Bengal
Flows through Karnataka – Kerala – Tamil Nadu – Pondicherry. Mettur Dam situated. Its Tributaries are Bhabani, Hemaboti, Amaraboti, Arkaboti, and Kabani.
1290 km
Mahabalesher in Maharashtra
Bay of Bengal
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh. Sri Salem and Nagarjun Dam situated on this river. Tributaries are- Koyna, Bhima, Tungabhadra, Brdboti, Musi, and Muneru.
1465 km
Trimbakeshwar in Maharashtra
Bay of Bengal
Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. Called as a “old Ganga”. Anikeyt Dam Situated. Its Tributaries are Indraboti, Monjuri, Pranboti, Oardha, Penganga etc.
857 km
Dandyakaranya (Shiva mountains of Chhattisgarh)
Bay of Bengal
Chhattisgarh, Odisha. Chirakpara dam situated here.Hirakud (world’s longest) dam present in Odisha,
The Rivers flows from East to West
1310 km
Amarkantaka, Shadol, Madhya Pradesh
 Gulf of Khambat- Arabian sea
Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat. Its tributaries are Tawa, Hiran, and Kolar. Famous projects are- Sardar Sorovar Dam, Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam, Maheswar dam.
703 km
Mahadev Hill, Satpura range, Betul District in M.P.
Gulf of Khambat- Arabian sea
Flows through M.P., Maharashtra, Gujarat. Kakrapara and Ukai dam situated on this river.
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