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All You Need to Know - VVPAT (Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail)

All You Need to Know - VVPAT (Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail) for SBI PO, NICL AO, Bank of Baroda PO, SSC CGL, CS


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Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) is a fetterless verification system which provides recompose to the voters using a ballot less voting system which is implanted in voting machines designed to detect any possible election fraud or malfunction. For the very first time in Uttar Pradesh, a voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) has been introduced by the
Election Commission, which would be used in polling booths in Allahabad district for the upcoming assembly polls.
VVPAT is a process of providing recompose to voters. It’s completely an uncommitted verification system. For those uninitiated, VVPAT is a printer-like machine attached to every EVM that allows voters to verify that their vote has been cast correctly. Once a voter printing house button of his choice in the Electronic Voting Machine a printed paper occur containing the name of the candidate and poll symbol so that he can confirm it. After the voter views the receipt it goes inside a container linked to the EVM, which can be accessed only by the polling officers. This latest system is one step further towards saving of electoral fraud.

About VVPAT Machines:
The Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail is a method that provides feedback to voters. It is an uncommitted verification printer machine and is attached to electronic voting machines. It allows voters to verify if their vote has gone to the meant candidate.

Application of VVPAT Machines:
  • When a voter presses a button in the EVM, a paper slip is printed through the VVPAT.
  • The slip contains the poll symbol and name of the candidate.
  • It allows the voter to verify his/her choice. 
  • After being visible to the voter from a glass case in the machine for 7 seconds;
  • The ballot slip will be cut and dropped into the drop box in the machine and a beep will be heard.
  • VVPAT machines can be accessed by polling officers only.
  • Use of entourage -based optical scan or mark-sense tabulators instead of DREs; In this simple and cost-effective system, voters fill out paper ballots which are then counted electronically by a tabulator at the precinct, similar to the technology used to score standardized tests. Optical scan machines have been in use for decades, and provide a voter-verified audit trail by default. Tabulators can detect over votes at the poll so that the voter can be given the opportunity to correct a spoiled ballot.

Future plan for use of VVPAT System:
Going by the overall positive feedback from the voters, the election commission is now keen on increasing the usage of VVPAT devices in the forthcoming assembly elections. The device is worthy only with those Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) tooled after 2006. The commission is indicated trying to achieve “all India VVPAT coverage” by 2019 elections.


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