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Sure Sort Questions on Science & Technology

Sure Sort Questions on Science & Technology

Sure Sort Questions on Science & Technology

Here in this Articles we will try our best to provide you the Actual Notes on Biotechnology, Some Fractual Facts on Computers, Telecommunications, Indian Postal Departments, Indian Atomic & Solar Energy & Deatils about some Research Centers Like BARC, Indira Gandhi Research Center, Etc. Go through it properly. This Content is Purely based on SSC, UPS, NDA, RAILWAY EXAMS. Surely you will get questions from these particular content in the above mentioned Exams. 
Some Important Questions on Bio-technology 
  • Bio-technology was the process of production with the help of microbes like viruses and bacteria. 
  • It was introduced in 1972. 
  • Genetic Engineering, Tissue Processing, Cloning, DNA Finger Printing etc. Are the examples of Bio-technology. 
  • It is used in Breed Improvement, Enhancing Immunity, Production Improvement, Incurable Hereditary diseases research etc. 
  • First time Insulin was prepared using Bio-Technique Humulin in 1982. 
  • Genetic Engineering includes Gene Modification and Restructuring of Genes. 
  • In-Vitro –Process of Genetic Engineering. 
  • First Test Tube Baby Luis Brown was born in 1978 in Manchester. 
  • Cloning is the process of creating copy of living creatures or things. 
  • Somatic Cell Nucleus Transfer Technology is used in Cloning. 
  • Dr. Ian Wilmot created sheep clone “Dolly” for the first time in 1996. 
  • First Cloning in India was done on a Buffalo at Karnaal by National Dairy Research Institute in 2009. 
  • National Bio-Technology Board (NBTB) was formed in 1982. 
  • Department of Bio-technology was recognized in 1986. 
  • Annual Growth Rate in Bio-Technology is 40%. 
  • National Bio-Fertilizer Development Centre is situated in Ghaziabad. 
  • Andhra Pradesh is the largest Bio-Fertilizer producer state of India. 
  • Cotton (BT-Cotton) is the first genetically modified crops of India. 
  • BT Tobacco, BT Brinjal are the other genetically modified crops of India. 
  • DNA Bank of India is situated in Lukhnow. 
  • Production of Genetically modified crops in India was allowed in India on 14th July, 2009 for the first time. 
  • First Medical Research Facility Centre on Stem Cell Technique and Reproduction Medicine was established on 25th November, 2007 in Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad. 
  • First Stem Cell Bank (Private) was established in Kilakottiyayur, Tamilnadu. 
  • First Government Card Blood Bank of India was established in AIIMS, New Delhi. 
  • First human Mini-Stomach grown in Lab – Gastric Organoids. It is used in the study of Infection caused by H pylori Bacteria (Cause of Peptic Ulcer and Stomach Cancer).
Some Important Questions on Computers
  • Charles Babbage is the Father of Modern Computer. 
  • Param 8000 (1991) is the First Indigenous Super Computer of India. 
  • Fastest Super Computer of the World is Sunway Taihulight (China), 93 Pentaflops. 
  • Param Ishan (2016) is the latest Super Computer in Param Series. 
  • Saharsa T is the Fastest Super Computer of India.
  • Tata Group is the maker of EKA Super Computer. 
  • Mosaic is the first successful Browser of Internet. 
  • Robert E. Kahn and Vint Cerf is the creator of Internet. 
  • First Digital Computer arrives in India in 1956. 
  • Tim Berners – Lee are the Creators of World Wide Web. 
  • China is the country which has the largest number of Internet users. 
  • Computer Society of India (CSI), Hyderabad was founded in 1965. 
  • New Computer Policy was launched in 1984. 
  • First Software Policy was declared in 1986. 
  • Bengaluru is known as the Silicon Valley of India. 
  • Software Technology Park of India was founded in 1991. 
  • Internet Service in India was started on 15th August, 1995. 
  • Infosys, TCS, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, HCL are the major IT companies of India. 
  • Contribution of the IT Companies in the GDP of India is 7.5%. 
  • First Indian Company notified in NASDAQ is Infosys (1999).

Some Important Questions on Telecommunication
  • Alexander Graham Bell is the Inventor of Telephone. 
  • The first Telephone Service in India was started in 1881. 
  • The first Telex Call Service in India was started in 1950 with USA. 
  • First STD Service in India was started in 1960 between Lucknow and Kanpur. 
  • First ISD Service in India was started in 1976 between Mumbai and Great Britain. 
  • BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.) was formed on 1st October, 2000. 
  • Number of Total Telephone Consumers in India – 118.68 Crore (July, 2017) 
  • Tele Density of India is 92.03% (July, 2017). 
  • The position of India in World in Telephone Network is 2nd (after China). 
  • Radio Broadcast in India was started in 1927 in Mumbai and Kolkata. 
  • India State Broadcasting Service was converted to All India Radio in 1936. 
  • All India Radio is renamed as Akashvani in 1957. 
  • Number of Akashvani Centers in India is 208. 
  • Jon Baird was the inventor of Television. 
  • First Doordarshan was broadcasted in India on 1st September, 1959. 
  • Colour Broadcast in India was started in 1982. 
  • There are total 23 Doordarshan Channels. 
  • Telegram Facility was stopped in India on 15th July, 2014.

Some Important Questions on Indian Postal Department
  • Postal Services in India was first started in 1766 by Lord Clive. 
  • First General Post Office (GPO) was established in Kolkata in 1774 by Warren Hastings. 
  • Bombay GPO was established in 1793. 
  • Madras GPO was established in 1786. 
  • Postal Department of India was established formally in 1854. 
  • Sale of carved envelop in India was started in 1873. 
  • Rail Mail Service was started in 1863. 
  • In 1876, India became a member of Parcel Postal Union. 
  • VPP and Parcel Services were started in 1877. 
  • Post Cards were launched in India in 1879. 
  • Money Order Services was started in 1880. 
  • First Airmail Services were launched in 1911from Allahabad to Naini. 
  • Indian Postal Order was launched in 1935. 
  • PIN Code System was started in 1972. 
  • Postal Life Insurance was started in 1984. 
  • In 1985 the Postal and Telecom Department was separated. 
  • Speed Post Service was started in 1986. 
  • Two Post Processing Centres were established in Mumbai and Chennai in 1990. 
  • Rural Post Life was launched in 1995. 
  • Media Post Service was started in 1996. 
  • Business Post Service was started in 1997. 
  • Satellite Post Service was started in 2000. 
  • Electronic Fund Transfer service was started in 2001. 
  • Internet based Track and Tax Services was started in 2002. 
  • Bill Mail Service was started in 2003. 
  • E-Post Services was launched in 2004. 
  • Direct Post Services was launched in 2005. 
  • Instant Money Order was launched in 2006. 
  • E-Money Order service was launched in 2008. 
  • Traditional Money Order service was stopped on 1st April, 2015.
Relevent Facts & Figures - You Must Know
Indian Atomic Energy Program - Key Points
Established in
First Chairman
Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhaba (Father of Atomic Energy program in India)
Present Chairman
Sekhar Basu

Bhaba Atomic Research Center (BARC) - Key Points
Established in
Trambe, Mumbai
Present Chairman
Sekhar Basu
To develop the technology for medical uses of Radio Isotopes in industries, medicine and agriculture including the uses of Atomic Energy.
Atomic Reactors of BARC
Purnima I, II, III and Dhruv

Indira Gandhi Atomic Research Center - Key Points
Established in
Kalpakkam , Tamilnadu
Atomic Reactor
First Breeder Reactor Development and Research

Various Atomic and Nuclear Programs - Key Points
Tata Fundamental Research Institute
Atomic Energy Commission
Atomic Energy Department
First Under Ground Nuclear Test
1974 (Pokhran, Rajasthan)
Nuclear Electricity Corporation Ltd. Of India
1st Phase of Indian Atomic Energy Program
Uses of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors
2nd Phase of Indian Atomic Energy Program
Use of Fast Breeder Reactors
3rd Phase of Indian Atomic Energy Program
Based on Thorium-Uranium Cycle
Number of Atomic Reactors in India
Major Atomic Reactors
Apsara, Cyrus, Zarlina, Purnima
Tarapur Atomic Power House
Narora Atomic Power House
Uttar Pradesh
Kaima Atomic Power House
Madras Atomic Power House
Kakrapur Atomic Power House
Kudankulum Atomic Power Project
Jaitapur Atomic Power House
Heavy Water Plant
Talcher (Orissa), Tuticorin (Tamilnadu), Hazira (Gujrat), Thal (Maharashtra)
Proposed Atomic Power Project
Sonapur, Paati (Orissa), Haripur (West Bengal), Kovara, Ulivendula (Andhra Pradesh), Saurashtra (Gujrat), Kumharia (Haryana)
Indo-US Atomic Agreement
18th July, 2005
First Country that provided Atomic Reactor to India
France (2010)

Marine Research Centers - Key Points
Ocean Science and Technology Authority
Ocean Science Technology Board
First Indian to reach Antarctica
Dr. D.S Sirohi
Antarctica Expedition of India
1981, Dr. S. Z Kasim
India’s Permanent Center in Antarctica
South Gangotri, 1984
New Permanent Centers in Antarctica
Near Larceman Hill (Bharti)
First Indian Arctic Expedition
3rd August, 2007
Indian Research Centre in Arctic

Bharti - Key Points
  • It is the Indian Research Center at Antarctica. 
  • Bharti is proposed for oceanographic research and would collect evidence of continental break-up to reveal the ancient history of Indian Subcontinent.
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