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SPEEDY Railway Book (English)

List of Development and Employment Programme of India

List of Development and Employment Programme of India


Programme/ Plan/ Institution
Year of beginning
Objectives/ Description
Community Development Programme (CDP)
The overall development of rural areas with the participation of the people.
Intensive Agriculture Development Programme (IADP)
Farmers' loans, fertilizer equipment, seed distribution.
Intensive Agriculture Area Programme (IAAP)
To Special crops develop.
High Yielding Varity Programme (HYVP)
Increase in cereal production by taking the necessary nutrients for crops.
Indian Tourist Development Corporation (ITDC)
October, 1966
Arrangement of hotels and guest houses in various places of the country.
Green Revolution
Increase in cereal, especially wheat production (credit Dr. MS Swaminathan to India and Nobel laureate Dr. Norman Borlaug worldwide).
Nationalisation of 14 Banks
19th July, 1969
For providing credit to agriculture, rural development and other priority sectors.

Employment Guarantee Scheme of Maharashtra
For helping economically weaker sections of rural society.
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP)
For providing drinking water in villages.
Small Farmer Development Agency (SFDA)
For technical and financial support of small farmers.
Command Area Development Programme (CADP)
To ensure good and speedy use of irrigation capacity of medium and large projects.
Twenty Point Programme (TPP)
Increasing poverty alleviation and living standards.
National Institution of Rural Development (NIRD)
Training for rural development, investigation and consultancy agencies.
Desert Development Programme (DDP)
To maintain the wilderness and maintain environmental balance.
Food for work Programme (FWP)
Food grains for labour for development work.
Antyodaya Yojana
To make the poorest families of the village economically independent (only in Rajasthan State).
Training Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM)
15th August, 1979
Programme of training rural youth for self-employment.
Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
2nd October, 1980
Development of rural poor through a program of resource documentation for self-employment.
National Rural Employment Programme (NREP)
Providing profitable employment opportunities for the rural poor.
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
September, 1982
Provide suitable opportunities for self-employment of women of rural families living below the poverty line.
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP)
15th August, 1993
For the employment of landless peasants and workers.
Self-employment to the Educated Unemployed Youth (SEEUY)
Providing financial and technical support for self-employment.
Farmer Agriculture Service Centres’ (FASCs’)
To make use of advanced agricultural machinery and tool kit popular.
National Fund for Rural Development (NFRD)
February, 1984
Providing 100% tax rebates to donors and financial support for rural development projects.
Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India
March, 1985
Provide financial help to the sick and closed industry units and their reconstruction.
Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme
1st April, 1985
For agricultural crops insurance.
Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) (H.Q – New Delhi)
1st September, 1986
Support for rural prosperity.
Self-employment Programme for the Urban Poor (SEPUP)
September, 1986
Provide self-employment to urban poor through subsidy and bank credit.
Formation of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
April, 1988
Protect the interest of investors in the capital market and control the stock market.
Jawahar Rozgar Yojana
1st April, 1989
For providing employment for rural unemployment.
Nehru Rozgar Yojana
October, 1989
For providing employment to urban unemployed.

Programme/ Plan/ Institution
Year of beginning
Objectives/ Description
Agriculture and Rural Debt Relief Schemes (ARDRS)
Bank loan income up to 10, 000 rural artisans and clippers.
Scheme of Urban Micro Enterprise (SUME)
Assistance for small enterprises of urban poor people.
Scheme of Urban Wage Employment (SUWE)
After providing basic benefits to the poor people in the urban areas, the wage is to provide wages where the population is less than one lakh.
Scheme of Housing and Shelter Up gradation (SHASU)
In the urban areas, there is a population of between 1 and 2 million, with the aim of creating employment through shelter.
Supply of Improve Toolkits to Rural Artisans
July, 1992
Provide modern tools to rural craftsmen other than those living below the poverty line, clogs, tailors, and camouflage and tobacco workers.
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
23rd December, 1993
To sanction the money, the Deputy Commissioner is giving Rs. 5 crore each year to every member of parliament for various development activities in their respective areas.
Mahila Samridhi Yojana
2nd October, 1993
Encourage rural women to submit post office savings accounts.
Child Labour Eradication Scheme
15th August, 1994
Child labour transfer from dangerous industry to school.
Group Life Insurance Scheme in Rural Areas
Providing insurance for rural people in low premiums.
National Social Assistance Programme
To help people living below the poverty line.
Kasturba Gandhi Education Scheme
15th August, 1997
Establishment of girls' school because of lower secondary education rate.
Bhagya Shree Bal Kalyan Policy
19th October, 1998
To uplift the girls’ condition.
Rajrajeshwari Mahila Kalyan Yojana (RMKY)
19th October, 1998
To provide insurance protection to women.
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY)
April, 1999
Construction of village infrastructure of the demand driven community.
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana
To meet basic needs in rural areas.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana
25th December, 2000
Provide food security to the poor.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
25th December, 2000
All roads should be given in roads.
Shiksha Sahyog Yojana
Education for children below Poverty line.
Sampurna Gramin Rojgar Yojana
25th September, 2001
Providing employment and food security to rural people.
Jai Prakash Narain Rojgar Guarantee Yojana
Proposed in 2002-03 Budget
Employment Guarantee in most poor district.
Hariyali Pariyojana
Prime Minister inaugurates on January 27, 2003, with the increase in plantation programs and fishery development in rural areas as well as irrigation and drinking water issues.
National Food for Work Programme
14th November, 2004
The Prime Minister inaugurated on November 14, 2004. This program will be implemented primarily in the first 150 districts of the country. Its goal is to create 100 days of employment within a year.
Janani Suraksha Yojana
12th April, 2005
National maternity services take place. It will be a part of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP)
2nd February, 2006
The provisions are the same as food for the program. This project was started in 200 districts of the country. Minimum payment of wages for at least 100 days in rural areas within one year. This project is centrally sponsored by 100%.
Rastriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
Health insurance for all workers in unorganized areas below the poverty line.
Rajiv Awas Yojana
To make India slum free in 5 years
National Rural Liver hood Mission
June, 2011
Restructured from Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojagar Yojana
National Urban Liver hood Mission
23rd September, 2013
Restructured from Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojagar Yojana
Digital India Programme
1st July. 2015
To ensure that government services are available to Indian nationals and people benefit from the latest information and communication technology.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
25th June, 2015
People should focus on central urban planning and development needs and develop economic growth to improve the quality of living.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
1st May, 2016
Lunched to provide free LPG connections to women from BPL families.
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