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SPEEDY Railway Book (English)

Indian National Movement - An Overview

Indian National Movement - An Overview
SSC Railway IB Notes: Indian National Movement

Some Essential Points at a Glance:
  1. Partition of Bengal announced for the First time in Ristey’s letter – 3rd. Dec. 1903.
  2. Formal announcement of Partition – 19th July 1905.
  3. Boycott of British goods first suggested by Krishna Kumar Mitra in his journal Sanjeevani – 13th July 1905.
  4. First Real Labour Union – The Princes union set up on 21st Oct. 1905.
  5. Yugantar weekly started – April 1906.
  6. Ajit Singh Started the Anjumann –i-Mohabattein-watan with its Journal Bharat Mata-1906.
  7. Mitra Mela started in Maharashtra 1899. By Ganesh and Vinayah Damodar Savarkar which later on become Abhinav Bharat (1907).
  8. Simla Deputation organised under Sir Agha Khan- 1st Oct, 1906.
  9. Muslim League established in – 1906.
  10. Madam Cama unfurled the flag of Free India at the Stuttgart congress of 2nd International in 1907.
  11. Delhi durbar held, pertition of Bengal cancelled, Capital Wyllie in London.
  12. Rashbehari Bose and Sachin Sanyal tagged a bomb-attack on Lord Hardinge in 1912.
1st World war and National Movement:
  • Komagata Maru incident – 29th September, 1914.
  • India Independance Committee set-up under Virendrenath Chattopadhyay, Bhupendranath Dutta and Lala Hardayal at Berlin (1915).
  • Mahendra Pratap, Sindhi set up the ‘Provisional govt. Of Free India at Kabul – Dec. 1915.
  • Locknow pact between Congress and Muslim League-Dec. 1916.
  • B.G. Tilak started the Home Rule League-April-1916. With its Headquarter at Poona.
  • Annie Beasant started Home Rule League-Sept. 1916 with its H.Q at Adyar.

Age of Gandhi:
  1. The social ideals of Gandhi are reflected in the Hind Swaraj (1909).
  2. Gandhi returned to India-Jan, 1915.
  3. In 1917 on July to the abolition of Tin-Kathia system- Champaran Satyagraha against Indigo planters.
  4. He took up the Kheda Satyagraha in Gujarat-March, 1918.
  5. Establishment of Textile Labour Association in 1920.
  6. On 13th Apr. 1919- Jallianwala Bagh Massacare.
  7. All India Khilafat conference – 22nd and 23rd Nov. 1919 in Delhi.
  8. Non-cooperation resolution was passed in Calcutta special session on Sept, 1920, and its final approval by Nagpur Regular Session (Dec. 1920).
  9. On 31st Oct. 1920- first session of All India Trade union Congress, presided by Lala Lajpat Rai.
  10. On 5th February 1922- Chauri-Chaura incident. 22 policeman were massacred.
  11. Establishment of R.S.S-at Nagpur by K.B.Hodgewan (1925).
  12. Establishment of FICCI-by G.D.Birla and P Thakurdas (1925).
Emergence of Communists:
  • Communist Party in Tashkent in 1920.
  • M.N.Roy started the journal “Vanguard of India Independence”.
  • Kanpur Bolshevik case in May 1924.
Revolutionary Terrorism:

Hindustan Republic Association- started by Sachindranath Sanyal and Jogesh Ch. Chatterjee.
Hinduatan Socialist Republic Army-formed by Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad in Sept.1928.
On 31st  Dec, 1929- Poorna Swaraj Resolution.
First Round Table Conference on 9th July, 1930. Attended by Muslim League Hindu Mahasabha, Liberalas and Princely states, Nov 12, 1930.
All India Kishan Sabha  established in April, 1936 by Swami Sahajananda Saraswati.
Foundation of Forward Block-3rd May, 1939.
Pakisthan Resolution passed by muslim league on 23rd March, 1940 in Lahore session.
On 8th August, 1940- August offer by viceroy Linlithgow.
The British Prime Minister, Lord Attlee, made a declaration on March 15, 1946, that British cabinet mission would visit India to make recommendations regarding constitutional reforms to be introduced in India.
On 16 May, 1946- Cabinet mission plan.
Muslim League gave call for Direct Action Day – 16th Aug. 1946.
P.M. Clement Attlee’s announcement on 20th Feb, 1947 was that power would be transferred by June 30, 1948.
India Inpedendance Act -18th July, 1947.
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