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Branches of Biology: SSC Railway IB Notes PDF Download

Branches of Biology SSC Railway IB Notes PDF Download

Branches of Biology SSC Railway IB Notes

Today we will share the Most Important Biology Notes : Combinations of All Biological Terms / Biological Studies & Branches. In past Examination many questions were asked from this Section in various competitive Exams Like SSC, Railway NTPC, IB Exams. Sometimes You may got 2-3 questions. This PDF Not only help you to groom up your General Knowledge But Also It will help You in One Word Susbstitution for SSC CGL / CHSL Exams. Here we Combined Previous Year Questions & The Most Important Branches of Biology. You can Download the File in PDF Form & Share with Your Friends.
  • Anatomy : Study of internal structure of organism.
  • Agrology:  Soil science dealing specially with production of crop.
  • Agronomy : Science of soil management and production of crop.
  • Agrostology : Study of grass.
  • Arthrology : Study of joints.
  • Apiculture : Rearing of honey bee for honey.
  • Anthropology : Study of origin, development and relationship between the culture of past and present human.
  • Anthology : Study of flower and flowering plant.
  • Angiology :Study of blood vascular system including arteries and veins.
  • Andrology : Study of male reproductive organ.
  • Bryology : Study of Bryophytes.
  • Biometrics : Statical study of Biological problem.
  • Biomedical engineering :Production and designing of spare part for overcoming various defects in man. e.g. artificial limbs, Iron lung,Pacemaker etc.
  • Biotechnology : Technology concerned with living beings for wilful manipulation on molecular level.
  • Bacteriology : Study of bacteria.
  • Cytology : Study of cell.
  • Cryobiology : It is the study of effect of low temperature on organisms and their preservation.
  • Clone : Clones are geneticaly identical individual in a population.
  • Cardiology : Study of heart.
  • Demography : Study of population.
  • Diffusion . Random movement of molecule / ion or gases from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration.

  • Dermatology : Study of skin.
  • Dendrochronologv : Counting and analysing annual growth rings of tree to know its age.
  • Ecology : Study of inter-relationship between living and their environment.
  • Evolution : Study of origin of life, variation and formation of new species.
  • Embryology : Study of fertilization of egg, formation of zygote and development of embryo.
  • Eugenics : Study of factors connected with the improvement of human race.
  • Euthenics : Study of environmental condition that contribute to the improvement of human beings.
  • Euphenics : Treatment of defective in heredity through genetics engineering.
  • Ethnology : Study of science dealing with different races of human.
  • Ethology: Study of animal behaviour in their natured habitats.
  • Etiology : Study of causative agent of disease.
  • Entomology : Study of insects.
  • Exobiology: Study of possibility of life in space.
  • Floriculture : Cultivation of plant for flower.
  • Food technology : Scientific processing, preservation, storage and transportation of food.
  • Forensic science : Application of science for identification of various facts of civilian.
  • Fishery : Catching, breeding, rearing and marketing of fishes.
  • Forestry : Development and management of forest.
  • Fermentation: Process of incomplete oxidation that occur in microbes and other cells in absence of oxygen, leading to the formation of ethyl alcohol.
  • Genetics : Study of variation and transmission of heredity character from parents to their young ones.
  • Growth : Permanent increase in weight, volume and size of an organism.
  • Genetic Engineering : Manipulation of gene in order to improve the organism.
  • Gynecology : Study of female reproductive organ.
  • Gerontology : Study of ageing.
  • Gastroenterology : Study of alimentary canal or stomach, intestine and their disease.
  • Hypertonic : When two solution have differcut sdute concentration. The sol at ion which have higher concentration is called hypertonic.
  • Hypotonic : In two solutions which have lower solute concentration is called hypotonic.
  • Hygiene : Science taking care of health.
  • Hydroponics : Study of growing plant without soil in water which contain nutrient.
  • Haematology : Study of blood.
  • Hepatology : Study of liver.
  • Ichthyology : Study of fishes.
  • Immunology : Study of immun system or resistance of body to disease.
  • Katology : Study of human beauty.
  • Metazoans : All multicellular animals are called metazoans.
  • Monoecious : Plant which have both male and female flower
  • Morphology : Study of external structure.
  • Microbiology : Study of micro-organism like virus, bacteria, algae, fungi and protozoa.
  • Molecular biology : Study of molecule found in the body of living organism.
  • Medicine : Study of treating disease by drug.
  • Mammography . Branch of science which deal test of breast cancer.
  • Mycology - Study of fungi.
  • Nutrients . Chemical substance taken as food which are necessary for various function, growth and heath of living.
  • Neurology : Study of nervous system.
  • Neonatology : Study of new born.
  • Nephrology Study of kidneys.
  • Osmosis : Movement of water molecule across semipermeable membrane from the region of its higher concentration to the region of lower communication.
  • Odontology : Study of teeth and gum.
  • Osteology : Study of bones.
  • Oncology : Study of cancer and tumours.
  • Obstetrics : Science related with care of pregnant women before, during and after child birth.
  • Ornithology Study of birds.
  • Ophthalmology : Study of eyes.
  • Orthopaedics : Diagnosis and repair of disorder of locomotery system.
  • Phvtoplaniktons : Microscopic organism which passively float on the surface of water.
  • Parasite : Organism which depend on other living organism for their food and shelter.
  • Pigment : A substance which absorb light of certain wavelength like chlorophyll found in green leaves.
  • Paleontology : Study of fossils.
  • Physiology : Study of function of various system of organism.
  • Pathology : Study of diseases, effects, causable agents and transmission of pathogens.
  • Pomology : Study of fruit and fruit yielding plant.
  • Psychiatry : Treatment of mental disease.
  • Psychology : Study of human mind and behavior.
  • Pisciculture : Rearing of fishes.
  • Phycology : Study of algae.
  • Paediatrics : Branch of medicine dealing with children.
  • Parasitology : Study of parasites.
  • Photobiology : Effect of light on various biological processes.
  • Phylogeny : Evolutionary history of organism.
  • Physiotherapy : Treatment of body defects through massage and exercise.
  • Radiology : Science dealing with the effect of radiation on living beings.
  • Rhinology : Study of nose and olfactory organs.
  • Sonography : Study of ultrasound imaging.
  • Saurology : Study of lizards.
  • Serology : Study of serum, interaction of antigen and antibodies in the blood.
  • Sphygmology : Study of pulse and arterial pressure.
  • Taxonomy : Study of classification, nomenclature and identification of organism.
  • Telepathy : Communication of thoughts or ideas from one mind to another without normal use of senses. In other word this is the process of mental contact.
  • Veterinary : Science Science of health care and treatment of domestic animals.
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