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SPEEDY Railway Book (English)

Governor and Chief Minister: The State Executive

Governor and Chief Minister The State Executive

 Governor, Chief Minister and State Council Ministers

Essential key points regarding State Executive

  1. The Maximum permissible period between two sessions of State Legislative Assembly is six months. 
  2. The members of the Legislative Assembly appointed by through: 1.Direct Election, 2. Indirect Election and 3. Nomination. 
  3. The Chief Minister of the state determines the strength of the council of Ministers. 
  4. The no of seats in Vidhan Sabha is- to be not more than 500 and not less than 60 but an exception is recognised in the case of one state which has only 32 seats. 
  5. The membership of a State Legislative Council 1.Shall not be less than 40 and 2. Shall not be more than 1/3rd of the membership of the Legislative Assembly.
  6. Only one women governor in West Bengal- Padasha Naidu. 
  7. State Emergency in West Bengal 4 times-1962, 1964, 1970, and 1971
  8. The President can directly disallow a State Legislation in case of Money Bill
  9. A very large number of candidates contested the election- If in an election to a State Legislative Assembly Candidate who is declared elected loses his deposit.


The Governor is appointed by the President,
He should be a citizen of India.
He must be complete the age of 35 years.
He must not be a member of either House of Parliament.
The Salary and allowances of the Governor are charged to Consolidated Fund of the State.
The Governor can refuse to give his assent to a bill.
The Governor can Reserve the bill for the assent of the President.
The Governor may refuse to invite a leader of the party in Vidhan Sabha who does not command the majority in the House.
No court has power to compel the Governor to exercise or not to exercise any power or to perform or not to perform any duty.
When a State Governor dies or resigns Chief Justice of the High Court normally exercise his functions until a new Governor is appointed.
The Governor Shall be decided in consultation with the Election Commission to disqualification of a member of State Legislature.
He has the power of issuing ordinances when the Legislature is not in session.
Without Governor prior permission No Money bill can be introduced in the State Legislature.
He can recommend to the President to impose President’s rule in the State.
Governor can play Dual role i.e., Constitutional ruler and an agent of the Centre.
Contingency Fund operated b the State Governor.
The Governor does appointed: 1. Chief Minister, 2. Chairmen of State Public Commission, 3. Advocate General of the State.
Governor related Article from 152 – 167. The Governor turner 5 yrs as per Article (156).

Chief Minister of the State - Complete Details

Article 164- Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor.
The Governor appointed the leader of the largest party as the Chief Minister and ask him to seek a vote of confidence in the house.
Chief Minister recommended other ministers who are appointed by the Governor.
He directs guides and coordinates the other minister’s activity.
He is the main channel to communicate between the Governor and State Ministers. Advises to Governor regarding all official appointment like State Election Commissioner, Advocate General, PSC Chairmen etc.
Chief Minister is the Leader of the House.
He is political head of the services.
Chairmen of the State Planning Board.
He is the member of the Inter-State Council and National Development Council.

Important Article related to Chief Minister

  • Article 163 –Council of Minister to advise Governor. 
  • Article 164 –Other Minister provisions. 
  • Article 166 – Conduct of business of the Government of the State. 
  • Article 167 – it is the duties to give information to Governor by the Chief Minister.
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