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At first we need to know about UIDAI. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is the central government agency of India. The Unique Identification Project was initially proposed by then Planning Commission as a persuasive that would provide a clear and Unique Identification Number (i.e. AADHAAR number) for each resident across the country and that would be used primarily as the basis of skilled delivery of welfare services.

Description of UIDAI:
  • UIDAI - Unique Identification Authority of India
  • UIDAI is a nodal statutory organization
  • Launched - 28th January, 2009
  • Headquarters - New Delhi
  • First Chairperson - Shri Nandan Nilekani
  • First Director General - Shri Ram Sevak Sharma
  • Chief Executive Officer (CEO) - Dr. Ajoy Bhusan Pandey (IAS)
  • Part-time Member - Shri Rajesh Jain and Dr. Anand Deshpande
  • Chairman - Shri J. Satyanarayana (as part-time)
  • Data Centers - Industrial Model Township (IMT) Manesar (Gurgaon) in Haryana state and Hebbel (Bangaluru) in Karnataka.

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was set up by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office under dash of Planning Commission, it is a notification. The UIDAI is mandated to assign a 12-digit Identification (UID) number (termed as AADHAAR) to all the residents of India. As per the notification, the UIDAI has been given the duty to lay down the plan and policies to implement the UIDAI scheme.
Much before the creation of the UIDAI efforts were undertaken by Government of India to provide an identity to inhabitant first in 1993, with photo-identity cards by the Election Commission and Further in 2003 with the approval of Multipurpose National Identity Card (MNIC). The Government of India in a notification dated 16th December, 2010 recognizes the letter issued by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) with details of name, address and Aadhaar number as an officially valid document. Any Aadhaar holder or service provider can verify an Aadhaar number for its ingenuousness through a user-friendly service of UIDAI called Aadhaar Verification Service (AVS).

Prospect of UIDAI:
To empower residents of India with a unique identity and a digital platform to authenticate anytime, anywhere;

Aadhaar Timeline:

After Kargil war, Kargil Review Committee, headed by security analyst K. Subrahmanyam. He was formed to study the state of national security.
On7th January, 2000 a report with the proposal and solicitation for citizens in village in border region issued an identity card. The report was submitted to our former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
In May 2001 a group of ministers (GOM) headed by L.K Adbani submitted the report named “Multi-purpose National Identity Card” project. In late September, 2001the Ministry of External Affairs proposed that a mandatory national identity card be issued.
The citizenship amendment bill, 2003 was introduced in the Lok Sabha by L.K Adbani in December, 2003. The central Government resister every citizen of India and issue the national identity card.
In 28th January, 2009 UIDAI established and 23rd June, 2009 Nandan Nilekani was appointed the chairman of UIDAI and cabinet minister by government to head the project.
The logo and the brand name AADHAAR was launched by Nandan Nilekani in April 2010. In May 2010 Nandan Nilekani would support a legislation to protect the data held by UIDAI and UIAI published a list of 15 agencies to provide training to enrollment the process in July 2010.
UIDAI launched an online verification system for aadhaar number on 7th February, 2012. On 26 November 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launched an Aadhaar-linked direct benefit transfer scheme
The project was to be introduced in 51 districts and then slowly expanded to cover all of India on 1st January 2013. The Supreme Court issued an interim order on 23 September 2013.
In March 2014, Nandan Nilekani resigned as the Chairman. On 1st July, 2014 the former UIDAI Chairman Nandan Nilekani met with the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to convince them of the project’s merits.
In March 2015 the Aadhaar-linked DigiLocker service was launched. On 18th June, 2015 in a high level review meeting on the progress of the UID project and DBT scheme.
The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Benefits, Subsidies, and Services) Bill, 2016 was passed in the Lok Sabha on 11 March. In 31 March 2016, Rs. 99.9crores Aadhaar numbers have been issued in the project

Advantages of Aadhaar Cards:
  1. Aadhaar based Direct Benefit Transfer (LPG subsidy)
  2. Passport in 10days
  3. Voter Card linking
  4. Jan Dhan Yojana
  5. Digital Locker (Digilocker is a key initiative under Digital India)
  6. Provident Fund
  7. Monthly Pension
  8. Digital Life Certificate
  9. Opening new bank account
  10. Securities and Exchange board of India (SEBI)

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