Indian Polity Union and State Council of Ministers
Today we are providing you the Indian Polity Notes on The Union and its State Council Ministers. In this Articles we described all Important and Relevents points which is necessary for SSC CHSL, CGL, MTS and Railway Exams which is going to be held on 2018. Start Preparing from now onwards so it would be easy for all our users to memorize during exams time. In the mean time you can take free Tests through any Books or MCQ which is available at our website.
The Union councils of Ministers
- The Prime Minister of India is appointed by the President of India. Rest of the Ministers are appointed or dismissed by the President as per the advice of the Prime Minister.
- Prime Minister must be the leader of the Political Party having the majority in the Lok Sabha. Any person, who can win the confidence of the majority of House, can be the Prime Minister.
- Cabinet Ministers attend the meeting of Cabinet.
- The Ministers of States are not the members of the Cabinet. They can attend the Cabinet Meeting if invited.
- The Deputy Ministers generally help the Cabinet Ministers to perform their duties and cannot take part in the Cabinet Meeting.
- The Ministers get the salary and various allowances as payable to the Member of Parliament along with an additional allowance and free of rent house.
- In case a person who is not a Member of Parliament becomes Minister, he / she must have to secure a seat in one of the Houses of Parliament within six months.
- The ministers are responsible to the legislature collectively and individually to the President.
- The Ministers can take part in the Proceeding of both of the houses but they cannot vote if they are not the members of that House.
The Attorney-General of India
- The Attorney-General is the Chief Legal Officer of Government of India.
- He can provide advice on Legal matters and perform other duties related to the legal matters which are assigned to him by the President of India.
- He/ she handles the function those are assigned to him as per the Art. 76 of the Constitution of India.
- Though the Attorney – General is not a member of Parliament, he / she can speak (not vote) in the Parliament.
- As per the Art. 105 (4), the Attorney General can avail the privileges of an MP. He / she also has the right of audience in all courts of India.
- The Attorney-General is appointed by President.
- He / she must have the qualifications which are required to be the judge of the Supreme Court.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
- The Comptroller and Auditor General of India controls the financial system of the Center as well as the state.
- The C & AG must be appointed by the President. The Comptroller and Auditor General only can be removed by the address from both Houses of the Parliament on the ground of incapacity or misbehavior.
- The term of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General is 6 years and the age limit for retirement is 65.
- The C & AG can resign by writing in hand to the President of India.
- The C & AG can be removed by impeachment (Art. 148 (1), 124(4).
- The salary of the C & AG is equal to a Judge of Supreme Court and the service is similar to an I.A.S of Secretary Level.
- The salaries of the C & AG are provided from the consolidated Fund of India.
- The C & AG is responsible to audit and report all expenditure from the Consolidated Fund, Contingency Fund and Public Accounts of Union and states.
- The other duties of the C & AG are to audit and report all trading and manufacturing profit and loss report and asses the rules and regulations of revenue collection and proper allocation of it.
Executives of the States
- The Governor of a state is appointed by the President.
- A person, who is a citizen of India, has the minimum age of 35 years and is not a member of the legislature or any other office of Profit, is eligible to be a Governor.
- The term of a Governor’s office is 5 years. He/ she can be terminated by the dismissal by the President (Art. 156 (1)) and Resignation (Art. 156(2)).
- A person can be a Governor more than once.
- The Governor can appoint the Advocate General, council of Ministers and members of the State PSC (Public Service Commission).
- Like the President, the Governor can nominate the members of Anglo-Indian Community in that state.
- The Governor can address, send messages and summon or dissolve the State Assembly.
- The Governor has the power to grant pardon or remission of Punishments.
Chief Minister and State Council of Ministers:
- The Chief Minister is the head of the State Council of Ministers.
- The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor and other ministers can be appointed by the Governor on the basis of the advice of the Chief Minister.
- Any person can be a minister if he/ she is a member of Legislative Assembly.
- The Council of Ministers are responsible to the Legislative Assembly collectively and to the Governor individually.
The Advocate General:
- He/ she is appointed by the Governor.
- If a person is qualified to be the judge of the High Court, he / she can be Advocate General.
- The Advocate General has the rights to speak or take part in the proceeding of Legislative Assembly, but has no right to vote in.
The Features of State Legislature:
- Some states of India have the Bi-Cameral Legislature (two houses). Eg. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir.
- The other states of India have the Uni-Cameral Legislature.
- The Legislative Council can be created or abolished by special majority followed by an Act of Parliament (Art. 169).
- The size of Legislative Council may vary but the membership must not be more than 1/3rd of total membership of the Legislative Assembly but not less than 40.
- The Legislative Council is partly elected and partly nominated body.
- The Legislative Council is a permanent body like the Rajya Sabha.
- The election in Legislative Council is indirect in nature.
- The term of the Legislative Assembly is 5 years.
- The Legislative Assembly of each state is directly elected on the basis of adult suffrage from the territorial constituencies.
- The number of members of the Assembly cannot be less than 60 and more than 500.
- The member of Legislative Assembly must be a citizen of India, must attain the minimum age of 25 years and should posses the necessary qualifications prescribed by the Parliament (Art. 173).
You May Also Like to Read:
- Part 1: Indian Polity & Constitution Notes for SSC Exams
- Part 2: List of Constitutional Amendments
- Part 3: Union & State Councils of Ministers.
- Part 4: Judiciary System of India
- Part 5: Important Commissions - Finance Commission, Election Commission, Etc. (Comming Soon)
- Miscellaneous: Features of Constitution, Constitutional Framework
- Miscellaneous: GK Notes Parliament of India
- Miscellaneous: Fundamental Rights & Funadamental Duties and Parts of Constitutions
- Miscellaneous: Union Territories and its Features