New Pattern English Quiz - Sentence Completion
Direction (1-10): The Last Sentence has been deleted from the paragraphs given below. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
The Indian education system needs to move away from the current system of rote learning, sans regard for analytic and critical thinking. It also needs a cultural shift, moving away from a world view that sees questioning as subversion of order to one that encourages questioning of norms. Imagination and innovation might not easily be taught but can be inculcated by emphasis on questioning, creativity and analytical thinking. _________
A.The Indian mind has shown its dexterity in the way it adapts.
B.This will require changes in pedagogy, and the manner in which teachers function in a classroom.
C.imagination and innovation have become ever more important.
D.Key to unleashing the power of imagination is the education system.
E.India needs to move beyond this if it is to emerge as a leader and create value.
India and Japan are joining hands to develop the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor, a series of infrastructure projects that would enhance trade and well-being in Africa and Asia. Not so coincidentally, it would stand alongside China’s ambitious One Belt-One Road project. The Indo-Japanese venture’s aim is to create local ownership of the projects undertaken, not just in a financial sense, __________________.
A.but also in terms of local involvement in design, management and execution.
B.Success would facilitate Indo-Chinese cooperation as well.
C.The result would stand as an alternative to aggressive Chinese projects .
D.But it would not be individual projects that catch the Chinese eye.
E.it in third countries minus overbearing external benefactors, and projection of a decent counterweight to China’s rising power in the region.
We welcome the opening up of domestic coal for commercial mining. This is one piece of reform that is entirely to this government’s credit. One can crib that it comes late in the day after fossil fuels have fallen firmly into disfavour. But, with some of the world’s largest reserves of coal, India needed to remove the self-inflicted constraint of an inefficient state monopoly to avoid coal imports. Unions are hostile to the move but should be made to see reason. ____________
A.Instead of captive mining of coal characterised by rigidities and diseconomies.
B.Hence the pressing need to put in place norms for safe and efficient mining, evacuation and beneficiation of coal.
C.But the mines allocated were all very much for captive use, and several of them are yet to be worked.
D.It is necessary to draw up modern safety codes and a credible scheme for its enforcement, to get the unions on board.
E.Ten coal blocks across four states have been identified for commercial mining, although no timeline has been set for their auction.
A recent report by the World Bank’s Luis Andrés and four coauthors shows India’s growth does not create enough jobs for women. There are multiple reasons. The good one is that more women stay on in school/college. But unemployment is growing across all levels of education. Caste does not explain it: both Dalit and upper-caste women are increasingly jobless. Nor does marriage: both married and unmarried women have dropped out from the labor market. A part of the explanation would be the prejudice against manual work ________
A.But the biggest culprit is the sharp decline in overall employment growth from 2% annually through 2001-11 to about 1% since.
B.as incomes rise, women of the family stop working outside the home.
C.Creating more and better-paying jobs is the solution.
D.These informal jobs are invisible to data collectors, on par with domestic work and care-giving for the young and the old.
E.With so few jobs, men grab the few available opportunities, closing the door further on women.
In India, about 16% of the population belong to the scheduled castes (SCs), for long condemned to perform the lowest-earning jobs, generation after generation. Tribal people comprise 7% of the population, not just outside mainstream development but often bearing the brunt of such development, by having to give up their land to make way for dams, mines, plantations and new urbanisation, and, more often than not, neither compensated nor rehabilitated adequately. It would be surprising only if this structural inequality did not show up in _____________
A.had reported, in their December 2016 article in the Economic and Political Weekly, that asset inequality has worsened significantly over 1992-2012, accelerating since 2002.
B.who earns incomes and builds up assets, as growth picks up. Yet, the reality offers grounds for optimism.
C.The point is not to retard growth to curb inequality but to invest in infrastructure .
D.More needs to be done, both to accelerate growth and broaden participation.
E.The question is, what should be done about it.
A serious malady afflicts the Indian pharmaceutical sector. Export growth is virtually flat at $16.8 billion and, in fact, has declined a wee bit last fiscal. For the high-growth potential pharma industry, which earns 50 per cent of its revenue from exports, the deceleration points to a severe problem at hand. Paucity of blockbuster drugs going off patent and blockage in distribution channels might explain, in part, at least, the drop in exports. ____________
A.The heavy reliance on Chinese bulk drugs does compromise quality, and which is compounded by lax domestic regulatory standards for drug makers.
B.But the primary reason is domestic, as pointed out by the recent V M Katoch committee.
C.Active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) — are sourced from China, along with such advanced intermediates like antibiotics
D.The excessive dependence on bulk drug imports clearly makes no sense.
E.India can be the pharmacy of the world, but merely specializing in formulations and importing API and intermediates is plain unhealthy.
The UK has already taken the lead in adopting a unique identifier for persons and legal entities and structures that include companies, charities and trusts. The registry of the real owners is in the public domain, as investors are interested in knowing who they are dealing with. India, on the same lines, should also institute a unique identifier for every corporate entity and mandate each entity to disclose its beneficial owner. ______________
A.Preliminary action should be followed up by a speedy and time-bound investigation to separate wrongdoers from the rest.
B.The government is right to investigate shell companies that anonymise transactions or have no apparent operational business.
C.The need is to mandate companies to declare their beneficial owners.
D.However, many shell companies are also created and operated for legitimate purposes, and such companies must not be penalized.
E.It will enable the government to track down the ultimate beneficial owner along with the web of holding and cross-holding companies.
As the biggest beneficiaries of globalisation, the five nations, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, which constitute Brics have come out strongly in favour of an open and inclusive world economy. They champion inclusive globalisation and a rules-based, transparent and multilateral trading system, even as the US wants bilateral agreements that put America First and Europe focuses on internal turmoil. ______________-
A.Russia’s sensibilities find reflection in the approach on Syria and Yemen.
B.The group has renewed its call for reforms in the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and United Nations to reflect changing global realities.
C.the Brics has succeeded in presenting a common platform and starting point for action, one that is broadly in keeping with the G20.
D.Similarly, the declaration does not mention Pakistan and its support for terror networks.
E.That is helpful in an era where protectionism and unilateralism are emerging as dominant forces.
Climate change has become an added urban challenge. Climate vulnerability assessments should be mandatory for any urban development. This would require changes in the planning and development acts in the states: ad-hocism is just not affordable any more. Data collection and sharing it on a common platform for assorted urban agencies to access and analyse should be the first step. The urban planning process must take into account land use patterns, allowing for the protection of wetlands. Accountability, flexibility and participation by stakeholders are key to making cities resilient. _____________
A.Cities have long been responsible for creating wealth and engendering progress.
B.Therefore, it is essential to empower urban local bodies and make them responsible for city planning and development.
C.There has been acceleration in the periodicity and intensity of extreme weather events over the last decade.
D.This is not to take attention away from the criminal negligence of routine maintenance
E.Making cities climate-resilient will not only reduce threats for urban populations and assets but will have the added benefit of helping businesses thrive.
The Niti Aayog-IDFC Institute enterprise survey is far more extensive than, say, the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business rankings. The Niti study has surveyed over 3,000 manufacturing firms all over the country, while the World Bank survey is focused mainly on Delhi and Mumbai, and involves surveying expert opinion to form global rankings. The Bank ranks India at a lowly 130 in the global pecking order on ease of doing business. But the Niti study does show wide variation across states. _____________
A.The study finds that in labour-intensive sectors like textile, apparel and footwear, more flexible labour laws can aid in scaling up to meet order demand.
B.So, while the average time required to set up a business in India is 118 days, it can range from 20 to 240 days. Or take construction permits.
C.Clearly, the ease of doing business can be much improved.
D.And if proactive business regulation in laggard states can improve the overall business climate.
E.The Bank’s 2017 survey, however, says a construction permit requires an average of 190 days, and ranked India at 185 out of 187 countries on this parameter.
SOLUTION 1. B This option talks about pedagogy and so should be the last sentence of the para.
SOLUTION 2. A fits well as it specifies about the infrastructure.
SOLUTION 3. D is the perfect solution to end the sentence.
SOLUTION 4. B completes the incomplete sentence perfectly.
SOLUTION 5. B completes the incomplete sentence perfectly.
SOLUTION 6. B is an contradictory explanation to the passage.
SOLUTION 7. E is reasoning out the information already stated in the passage.
SOLUTION 8. B is the perfect conclusive sentence related to the theme of the para.
SOLUTION 9. B is the last sentence as it starts with 'therefore' and concludes perfectly.
SOLUTION 10.B is the perfect last sentence as it reasons out the paragraph.