To implement the Skill India Mission successfully, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has launched two new schemes. The schemes are “Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion” (SANKALP) and “Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement” (STRIVE). The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has approved the two schemes which are funded by the World Bank. These two schemes would work on the implementation strategy of Government in the vocational training and education and must produce desired results.
Objectives of these Schemes –
- To promote convergence and ensure the effective regulation and governance in vocational training.
- To catalyze the industry efforts in the field of vocational training.
- To set up the national bodies for accreditation and certification for long and short-term Vocational Education and Training.
- To converge the efforts of various state, central and private institutions to avoid duplicity in the activity.
- To bring uniformity in the training to create better impact.
- To upgrade 500 ITIs by bringing changes like centralized admission, online examination, efficiency improvements and transparency in the entire system.
- The STRIVE scheme is a central sector scheme which would cost approximately Rs. 2200 Crore. Half of the total budget would be made by providing loan assistance from the World Bank.
- This STRIVE scheme would encourage various ITIs to enhance the overall performance. The apprenticeship by various business associations, small sector enterprises and industries are included in it.
- The skill training must be offered by State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs), Sector Skill Councils, National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and ITIs. There must be a mechanism to develop the institutes which would provide training.
- The training program would support the universalization and generalization of the National Skills Qualification Framework and National Quality Assurance framework across the schemes.
- It would encourage growing the National Skill Development Mission 2015 and the sub-missions under it.
- It is made with an alignment with other Government programs like Swachhhta Abhiyan, Make In India etc.
- The SANKALP scheme would cost approximately Rs. 4455 Crore. The Central-Government sponsored scheme has got the loan support of Rs. 3300 Crore from the World Bank.
- Under this scheme, various skill training academies for the trainers and the assessors along with the self-sustainable models would be developed.
- More than 50 institutes would be set up for this purpose.
- These institutes would train the trainers on the recent changes in skill development in both of the long and short term Vocational Education and training.
- Additional trainer academies would also be there.
- The scheme would focus decentralization in the skill planning and strengthen the institutes at state level by setting up State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs).
- It would allow the state to set up State and District Level Development Plans that would fulfill the criteria of recent market need.
- The scheme must also encourage the inclusion of the women, scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and disable persons and would provide training to them to develop this marginalized and underprivileged section of the society.
- These schemes must increase the number of skilled workforce in India.
- It also would enhance the overall importance of the skill development centers by increasing industry connection, marketing strategies and quality assurance.
- The trainees would get certificated from the International Awarding Bodies.
Under these schemes, approximately 30,000 trainees would be trained in various institutions. This must increase availability of workers and ensure steady supply of skilled workers to the industry leading the development of India.