Directive Principles of State Policy: Polity Notes
Some Important Key points:
- The purpose of Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution is to establish the social and economic democracy.
- DPSP constitute a very comprehensive social, economic and political programme for a modern democratic state. They aim at realising the high ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as outlined in the preamble to the constitution. So, they embodied the concept of welfare state. They seek to establish economic and social democracy in the country.
- The Directive Principle of State Policy is non-Justifiable.
- “Economic Justice” as one of the objectives of the Indian Constitution has been provided in the Preamble and the Directive Principles of state policy.
Features of DPSP:
- The DPSP are contained in Part IV of the constitution from article 36 to 51.
- DPSP are borrowed from Irish Constitution.
- B.R.Ambedkar described these principles as “novel features” of the Indian Constitution.
- The DPSP resemble the “Instrument of Instrumentation of GOI Act of 1935.
- DPSP are not justifiable in nature, i.e. they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.
Classification of DPSP:
On the basis of this Content and direction , they can be classified into 3 broad categories:
- Socialistic Principles: These principles reflected the ideology of socialism and aim at providing social and economic justice.
- Gandhian Principles: These principles are based on Gandhian ideology.
- Liberal-intellectual principles: The principles included in category represent the ideology of liberalism.
Article-38:- State to secure a social order for promotion of welfare of the people.
Article-39:-Contain principles of policy to be followed by the state:
a). Right to adequate means of livelihood.
b). Equitable distribution of material resources.
c).Prevention of Concentration of wealth and means of production.
d).Preservation of health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse.
e). Equal pay for equal worth for both men & women.
f).opportunity for health development of Children.
Article 39A:-Equal justice and free legal aid.
Article-41:- Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
Article-42:- Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
Article-43:-Living wage , pension etc, for workers.
Article 43-A:- Participation of workers in management of industries.
Article 47:- Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and improve public health.
- Article -40:- Organisation of village panchayats.
- Article-43:- To promote cotton industries.
- Article 43-B:- to promote co-operative societies.
- Article-46:-Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other backward class.
- Article-47:- To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs. It is the duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living to improve public health.
- Note: The Bangaram Islands is the only place in Lakshadweep where the consumption is permitted.
- The Bombay Prohibition Act 1949 is still in operation in both Maharastra & Gujarat.
- Article-48:- Organisation of agriculture & animal husbandry and prohibition of Cow slaughter.
- Article 49:- Protection of mountains, Place and objects of National importance.
- Article- 50:-To promote international peace and security, just and honourable between nations, respect for international law.
Article-44:- All citizens a uniform civil code throughout the country.
Article-45:- Provide early childhood care education for all children until they complete the age of six years.
Article 51:- security, international peace and maintain just and honourable relations between nations and to encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.