Industries in India for SSC Exams at a Glance
- There are three types of Iron-Steel Industries. In present India Iron-Steel industries called as a container and bearer.
- 1. Large Iron-Steel Industries: This type of Industries is very large area and Production also. This type of Industrialisation construction is called integrated steel plant. Example: Bhilai, Raurkela, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Barnpur, Kulti, Durgapur etc.
- 2. Alloy Steel Industries: In this type of industries different type of material like Nickel, Manganese, Tungsten etc. are added with steel and produce Stainless Steel. Example: Bhadraboti, Salem.
- 3.Small Industries: This type of industries is called Mini Steel Plant, Spoung Iron Industries etc. Example: Andhra Pradesh.
- Odisa -Raurkela.
- Jharkhand -Jamshedpur, Bokaro.
- Chhattisgarh -Bhilai.
- Andhra Pradesh-Vishakhapatnam.
Established Iron-Steel Industries according to Five-Years Plan in India:
1.1st Five Years Plan - 1951-1956 – Spreading of two industries Jamshedpur and Burnpur.
2.2nd Five Years Plan – 1956-1961 – Established i) Durgapur ii) Rourkela iii) Bhillai.
3. 3rd Five Years Plan -1961-1966 – Set up Bokaro.
4. 4th Five Years Plan -1969-1974 – Established Salem, Bijoynagar, Vishakhapatnam.
5. 5th Five Years Plan- 1974-1978 – Try to more production in Durgapur, Bhadraboti and Salem Industries. SAIL (Steel Authority of India -1978)
6. 6th Five Years Plan – 1980-1985 - Spreading of two industries Bokaro and Bhilai.
7. 7th Five Years Plan – 1985-1990 - Spreading of three industries Bokaro, Bhilai, and Jamshedpur and set up 1st structure of Vishakhapatnam.
8. 8th Five Years Plan – 1992-1997 – Modernisation of Durgapur, Raurkela, and Jamshedpur.
9. 9th Five Years Plan – 1997-2002 – Main focus on Private sector to set up small scale industries.
10. 10th Five Years Plan – 2002-2007 – Mainly concentrates to increases the production of Iron and Steel.
11. 11th Five Years Plan – 2007-2012 –In this plan main aim to technically modernisation and increase production.
Large Engineering Industries:
1. Rail Engine and Couch – Chittaranjan (West Bengal, Large in India), Varanasi (U.P), Jamshedpur (Tata Engineering) Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh).
2. Ship Builders – Cochin, Vishakhapatnam, and Garden Reach (Kolkata).
3. Aircraft – Bangalore, Kanpur, Nasik, Koraput, Hyderabad.
4. Auto Mobile – Hind Motor, Mumbai, Chennai, Haryana, Gurgaion, Pune, Jamshedpur.
Small Engineering Industries:
1. Hindustan Machine Tools – Bangalore, Srinagar, Hyderabad.
2. Soft Scientific Instruments – Kota (Rajasthan).
3. National Instruments Limited – Jadabpur.
4. Webel Company- Salt Lake.
Vehicle Industries in India:
1. Bajaj Tempo Limited- At Pune in Maharashtra.
2. Mahindra and Mahindra Company – Mumbai (Maharashtra).
3. Premium Automobile Limited – Mumbai (Maharashtra).
4. Tata Engineering and Locomotive Works- Jharkhand.
5. Ashok Leyland- Chennai (Tamilnadu).
6. Standard Motors Products of India - Chennai (Tamilnadu).
7. Maruti Limited – Gurgaion (Haryana).
Some Impotent Notes about Industries:
- Petro Chemical industries are called – Sunrise Industries.
- Petrochemical Industries – Maharashtra (Trombe UCIL, Thane NOCIL, Nagothen), Gujarat (Gandhar, Vadodara IPC, Koyali, Hajira and Jamnagar), Assam (Bangaigao), West Bengal (Haldia).
- 1st Jute Mill set up in India – 1850.
- 1st cotton mill in India- Kolkata.
- Jute Industries provide maximum Employment.
- Big Fertiliser Industry –Gujarat.
- Modern Textile Industries in 1976 at Kanpur established as “Lal Imli” and in Punjab in 1981.
- “Cotton polis of India”-Mumbai due to 63 mills are there.
- “Manchester of India”- Ahmadabad due to 73 mills are there.
- Diamond Mine – Bunder, Panna (Madhya Pradesh), Kollur or Kohinoor (Andhra Pradesh).
- Nepanager- Paper industry.
- Two Oilfield in Gujarat- Kalol and Ankleshwar.
- Half paper among all produced in country in – Maharashtra.