Important Constitutional Amendments at a Glance
Essential for all Upcoming SSC Exams (Specially SSC CGL)
1st Amendment act, 1951:
- Ninth Scheduled added by it, giving the priority on private property by Supreme Court and also on fundamental rights.
2nd Amendment act, 1952:
- Change about state representation in Parliament, one member represent only 7, 50,000 persons.
3rd Amendment act, 1954:
- Reschedule the list of Supply and distribution, Control the production in between Central and state.
4th Amendment act, 1955:
5th Amendment act, 1955:
- Increase the power of president and change constitutional Article.
6th Amendment act, 1956:
- Tax included and change of constitutional Article 269 and 286.
7th Amendment act, 1956:
- Regarding set up common high court for two or more than two states, and appointment additional and acting judges for this high court. Four categorization of states i.e., Part A, Part B, Part C. Part D states.(14 states and 6 union territories).
8th Amendment act, 1960:
- Increase the seats of SC, ST, and Anglo Indians in the Lok Sabha and state legislative for a period of 10 years, and change Article 330,332,333.
9th Amendment act, 1960:
- 1st change on SC and ST.
10th Amendment act, 1961:
- Incorporated Dadra and Nager Haveli as a union territory in India.
12th Amendment act, 1962:
- Incorporated Goa, Daman, and Die in the Indian union
13th Amendment act, 1962:
- Make fully administration power to Nagaland as per article-371.
14th Amendment act, 1962:
- Incorporated Pondicherry as a union territory in India.
15th Amendment act, 1963:
- Retirement increasing from 60 to 62 of High Court Judge.
16th Amendment act, 1963:
- Obey sovereignty and integrity by Member of Parliament, minister, judges, CAG of India.
18th Amendment act, 1966:
- Correction of article-3, Established Punjab and Haryana states.
19th Amendment act, 1966:
- Rectify article no-324.
21st Amendment act, 1967:
- In the 8th schedule included Sindhi language as 15th regional language.
22th Amendment act, 1969:
- Introduced new state of Meghalaya from Assam.
23th Amendment act, 1970:
- Seat reservation extended 10 yrs., of SC, ST, and Anglo Indian.
27th Amendment act, 1971:
- Included two Article-239 B and 371 C in Constitution. : Incorporated Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh as a union territory in India.
31st Amendment act, 1972:
- Lock Sabha seats increased from 525 to 545.
41st Amendment act, 1976:
- Retirement age raised from 60-62 of the member of Public Service Commission and Joint Public Service Commission.
42nd Amendment act, 1976:
- Include three new words in the preamble [i.e., Socialist, Secular and Integrity]. Fundamental duties of citizens also added here. Tenure of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly extend from 5 to 6yrs. This Amendment known as ‘Mini Constitution’.
43rd Amendment act, 1977:
- Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High court are restored by the 42nd Amendment.
44th Amendment act, 1978:
- Reduced tenure of Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly from 6 to 5yrs. Fundamental Rights made it legal rights, deleted right to property from it.
52nd Amendment act, 1985:
- Added 10 schedule in Constitution, it’s known as Anti-Defection Law.
56th Amendment act, 1987:
- Goa became a legislative assembly.
57th Amendment act, 1987:
- Special focus on Hindi language. Reserve seats of STs in Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland.
61st Amendment act, 1988:
- Reduced Voting age from 21 to 18 yrs.., as per Article no-326.
62nd Amendment act, 1989:
- Increase the reservation seats of SC, ST, and Anglo Indians in the Lok Sabha and state legislative for a period of 10 years up to 2000.
73rd Amendment act, 1992:
- Panchayati Raj included in Constitution, its inserted Part- IX AND Article no 243A to 243O. Eleventh Schedule added with it.
74th Amendment act, 1992:
- Mandatory Municipalities in all India, added 12th schedule containing 18 items about Municipalities related.
79th Amendment act, 1999:
- Increase the reservation seats of SC, ST, and Anglo Indians in the Lok Sabha and state legislative for a period of 10 years up to 2010 as per Articale-334.
83rd Amendment act, 2000:
- No reservation of SC in Arunachal Pradesh because it is tribal and there no SCs.
91st Amendment act, 2003:
- Total no of ministers in Central or in State including Prime Minister in centre and Chief Minister in State not exceed 15% of total strength of Lok Sabha in centre or total strength of legislative assembly of that state.
92nd Amendment act, 2003:
- Four new language included (i.e., Bodo, Dongri, Maithili, Santali) and total language increased to 22.
100 Amendment act, 2015:
- Agreement of land boundary with Bangladesh and four states (West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya) of India in 1974 and its protocol of 2011 included in the 1st schedule.